MONOTHELITES: An heretical sect that owed its origin to Sergius, Patriarch of Constantinople, who was assisted in great measure by Cyril (Cyrus), Bishop of Phasis and later Patriarch of Alexandria.
     The doctrine of the Monothelites, who held that there were two natures, but only a divine will in Christ, was condemned by the Council of Constantinople in the year 680.

PAULICIANS: Constantine of Mananalis, calling himself Silvanus, founded what appears to have been the first Paulician community at Kibossa, near Colonia in Amenia. He began to teach about 657. He wrote no books and taught that the New Testament, as he presented it, should be the only text used by his followers. After preaching for 27 years and having spread his sect into the Western part of Asia Minor, he was arrested by the Imperial authorities, tried for heresy and stoned to death.
     The Paulicians believed in a plurality of Gods; held all matter to be bad; rejected the Old Testament; denied the Incarnation; held Christ to be an angel, and his real mother the heavenly Jerusalem: taught that faith in Christ saves from judgment; denied the sacraments and apparently believed in the transmigration of souls; condemned all exterior forms of religion and refused to honor the Cross since they maintained that Christ had not been crucified.


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Last edited March 17, 1998